10-15 Bath Street

 

This 17th century terrace runs from Rook Lane Chapel down to Palmer Street (formerly known as Stony Street) and was originally part of Rook Lane itself. Its development and use is documented in Derek Gill’s 1992 booklet on Bath Street, which was cut in 1808. See also below Derek’s account of 16-17 Bath St, on the corner with the present Palmer Street.

 

It is “the only part of the original Rook Lane houses to survive the construction of Bath St, and indeed was greatly enhanced by it. Previously, their front doors opened directly onto the street, with more cottages opposite. The 1813 Cruse map shows two terraces opposite, the upper one comprising four houses and the lower one at least four. With the coming of Bath Street the occupiers acquired a garden and a view.” [1]

 

“The whole terrace belonged to the Longleat estate…” It was auctioned on 12 Apr 1899 “and was purchased by Arthur Richard BAILY for £1,325. He was a founder of Messrs E. BAILY & Son Ltd with his brother, who owned the station maltings, and lived at North Hill. Following his tragic death during a fire at his residence, the terrace was again auctioned on May 4th 1910. When the reserve price was not reached, number 10 was sold separately, but again the remaining cottages, with a total gross annual rent of £52 10s, failed to find a buyer.” [1]

 

Detail from the Cruse map of 1813

Detail from the 1744 Ladd map

Detail from the 1813 Cruse map

Detail from the 1885 Ordnance Survey

 

3 Palmer Street

“According to the conveyances of Rook Lane chapel Mr Richard PRATER had his stables behind. In 1706 when Robert SMITH conveyed the site of the chapel to trustees, the description refers to the way leading to Mr PRATER’s stables on the north side, and in 1778 mention is made of a ‘ way leading to a stable formerly of Captain PRATER, now Elizabeth POTTER spinster’. This has given rise to the belief that Captain PRATER lived in 10 Bath Street.

 

However, Longleat leases do not mention PRATER or Miss POTTER but a rental of Lord STOURTON’s landsamong Longleat records does list a property leased to Col. PRATER at an annual rental of  £1 1s... Another undated list shows only one property with the same rent, held by William FRAMPTON. in 1688 Edward, Lord STOURTON, leased a messuage in Frome with backside and garden containing ½ acre, with another 11 acres of arable land elsewhere in Frome, for the same rental for the lives of William FRAMPTON and his sons Thomas, Richard and Roger, in exchange for the lives of Jane CORPE and Jowan BUNN. The Longleat estate purchased the STOURTON lands in Frome in 1695.

 

My conclusion is that the PRATER house was in Palmer Street, probably the site of number 3, which had a way leading down to its rear from the present Rook Lane, and not 10 Bath Street.” [1]

Date

Source

Content

1771

Longleat lease

Lease of a ‘messuage with backside & gdn in Stony St and other lands late Lord STOURTON’s and formerly Richard PRATER esq.’ granted to Catherine POTTER [1]

1804

Longleat lease

‘Dwelling house in Stony Street [Palmer Street], adjoining to the east the dwelling house in the possession of William Hagley, formerly part of Richard Prater’s tenement, formerly in the occupation of John Angell and late of Elizabeth Potter, held for 99 years on the life of Martha (aged 9, daughter of Susanna Mees)’ leased to Susanna Mees, Sp of Frome Swd [1]

 

10 Bath Street

“This is the largest of the terrace and had a cottage and outbuildings behind… The front part…[dates] from the 1760s, with its find contemporary panelling and shell hood display cupboard in one room, and staircase with a dog gate similar to the design of the Chinese Chippendale staircase of Argyll House. Immediately behind, through a doorway, is a small 17th century cottage, indicated by the stop on the chamfer of a beam and stone mullioned window similar to 7 Gentle St. There has been some alteration to the four larger windows of the front elevation, which were either wider at one time, or moved nearer the central door and the window above, judging by alterations to the stone work.” [1]

Rook Lane Chapel and No.10 Bath St, 1905

 

 Rook Lane Chapel and No.10 Bath Street, 1905

1676

STOURTON lease

Cottage & gdn leased to Samuel MORTIMER, rent 4s p.a. [1]

1760

Longleat lease

to Joseph BAILY, Butcher, on condition that he lay out £150 on rebuilding the house on the site [1]

1774

Longleat lease

Tenement ‘lately erected by Joseph BAILY of E. Woodlands on ground whereon formerly stood a messuage in occupation of Joseph MORTIMER with gdn adjoining, measuring 15 pch, in Rook Lane’, rent 4s p.a. [1]

1784

Marriage Licence Bond; Bruton PRs

William HAGLEY (29), bch of Bruton, & Elizabeth BAILY (23), sp of Frome. Bondsman: William FIELD, Shepton Montague.[2] Marriage performed 22 May at Bruton.[3]

1791

 

Elizabeth HAGLY, w/o Mr William HAGLY, left £1,000 by her grandfather William FITZ

1813

CRUSE Survey

William HAGLEY occupied 1rd 30 pch meadow, prop. Zachary BAILY[4]

1815

Longleat lease

1774 lease renewed to Zachariah BAILY of Leighton, grandson of Joseph BAILY [1]

1815

Applications for renewals of Longleat leases

Mary & Joseph COOKE applied to add a life in the place of Joseph BROWN, lately deceased, to a lease of three tenements in Rook Lane.[5] Note that Mary COOKE (aged 42) married Richard HODDER on 21 Sep 1815. Charles BAYLY applied to add the lives of John BAYLY (11) and Frances Maria BAYLY (7), the children of Joseph BAYLY, to his lease of a tenement and gdn in Rook Lane or Bath St [[6]]

1822

Pigot’s Directory

Surgeons: William HAGLEY, Bath Street

1824‑40

Parish rates

Occupier: William HAGLEY, Surgeon; owner Joseph BAILY; rent 7½d [1]

1832

Longleat lease

1815 lease renewed to Mary BAILY of Wanstrow [1]

1837

Will of William HAGLEY

Signed by William HAGLEY, Surgeon of Frome Swd, 4 Nov. Legacies to wife Elizabeth and after her death to son Edward HAGLEY, Apothecary of the City of Oxford, and to daughter Mary HAGLEY, Spinster of Frome… to dau Elizabeth w/o Edward COCKEY; to dau Sarah w/o Laurence HAGLEY; to dau Frances widow of Samuel Fitzherbert BOWDEN. Will proved 1840 with two codicils at Peculiar Court of Canterbury, London, by Edward HAGLEY.

1841

Census

Elizabeth HAGLEY [née BAILEY, Widow] (75, Independent, b. Soms), [her daughter] Mary HAGLEY (50, Independent, b. Soms), [her granddaughter] Francis BOWDEN (15, Independent, b. Soms) and Servants Mary NOBLE (65) and Jane CAY [?] (15).

1851

Census

John HAGLEY [s/o William] (67, Cloth Dealer Registrar, b. Frome) with his wife Mary (64, b. Bruton), niece Francis BOWDEN (27), b. Bristol, nephew Edward HAGLEY (28, Grocer’s Asst, b. Bristol) and Ellen FRY (22, General Servant, b. Portsmouth).

1881

Census

Mrs LANGLEY, with daughter Amelia [1]

1910

Voters’ list

Amelia LANGLEY paying £22 10s p.a. rent; purchased freehold for £350 [1]

 

11 Bath Street

“This cottage and number 12 next door seem to have been leased to the same person, certainly by the 1785 survey of heads of households which lists both ‘owned’ by Joseph Brown. The house dates from the late 17th century, as do the rest of the terrace below. Although I have several series of leases granted to him I cannot definitely attribute one to his property.” [1]

1785

Battle & Cruse Survey

Occupier Thomas CORK; owner Joseph BROWN.

1824

Parish rates

Occupier Abraham SLADE; owner Mrs HOOPER, who also ‘owned’ next door. Joseph COOKE paid 3d rates [1]

1831

Parish rates

Occupier Miss TARRANT; owner Mrs HOOPER [1]

1837

Longleat lease

Both cottages leased to Joseph COOKE; his uncle, another Joseph COOKE, was a former tenant. [1]

1838

Parish rates

Joseph COOKE paid £5 after the rating revaluation. Joseph actually lived in this house. [1]

1841

Census

Joseph FRENCH (attorney’s clerk) with his wife Jane and children Mary (6), Harriett (1) and servant ?? (15). [1]

1851

Census

Edward RIDGEWAY, 46, coachman, b. Romsey, Hants, with wife Jane, and children Emily (17), dressmaker, Julia (13) and Albert (11) [1]

1861

Census

Samuel PARROTT, ironmonger’s assistant, with wife Jane, milliner, daughter and son [1]

1871

Census

Samuel PARROTT, accountant, with wife Jane, milliner, three daughters and a son[1]

1881

Census

Ann DEACON (62, widow, dressmaker) with her grandson Frederick DEACON (18), granddaughter Gertrude SPENCER (10) and boarder ??[1]

1899

Longleat sale

Occupier: Amelia GERRARD [1]

1910

Voters’ list

Francis William POTHECARY [1]

1933

Frome Almanack

Francis William POTHECARY [1]

1934

Frome Almanack

Mrs POTHECARY [1]

 

12 Bath Street

“This property is the smallest of the terrace.” [1]

1665

Longleat lease

William CHAPMAN, Yeoman, and Benjamin WILLIS, Cordwainer, granted the house with garden and backside, then occupied by Thomas JESSER, Currier, whose wife Elizabeth was one of the lives, rent of 5s p.a. [1]

1673

Longleat lease

to the occupier, John JONES, Clothworker, on the lives of his wife Margery and their sons Edmond and Daniel (previous occupier Christopher TOOGOOD) [1]

1680

Longleat lease

to Edmond following John JONES’s death on the lives of himself, his mother Margery SHEATE (she had remarried) and a new life, Mary TABOR, daughter of Richard TABOR, clothworker. Margery and Edmond also leased number 13 [1]

1693

Longleat lease

to Elihu JARVAS als REEVES following the deaths of Edmund JONES and his mother. £42 fine to add the lives of Elihu and Jarvas BUNDY, s/o William BUNDY of Amesbury, Wheelwright [1]

1732

Longleat lease

Elihu and Mary TABOR dead; lease granted to Edward ROGERS, butcher, the new lives being his wife, Elizabeth ROGERS, who died in 1770, and their son Edward .

1775

Longleat lease

‘Decayed messuage with garden adjoining, measuring 12 pch’ leased to Joseph BROWN, clothworker. No doubt because he had rebuilt it, the new rent was 6s 1½d. The lessee was also to ‘keep and nourish yearly if required one hound greyhound or spaniel, or pay 15s in lieu’. [1]

1785

Battle & Cruse Survey

Joseph BROWN, Shopkeeper, occupier and lessee [1]

1824

Parish rates

Sarah NORVAL rated 2¼d [1]

1837

Longleat lease

Nos 11 and 12 leased to Joseph COOKE [1]

1838

Parish rates

Occupier: Henry GRATEWOOD [1]

1841

Census

Henry GRATEWOOD (ostler) and his wife Elizabeth [1]

1851

Census

Benjamin MILES (61, Wool carder) with wife Maria MILES and granddaughter Emma BULL (11).

1861

Census

Jeremiah CROSS (Iron moulder, b. Melbury Abbas, Dorset) with wife Anna and children Henry (14, Tailor), Dennis (12, Errand boy), Arthur (9), Albert (9), Dinah (4) and Fanny (1) [1]

1871

Census

Jeremiah CROSS, with wife Anna and children Dennis (Iron moulder), Arthur (Iron moulder), Albert (Printer) and Dinah (Milliner and Dressmaker) [1]

1881

Census

James HOWELL, Mason’s labourer, with wife Mary HOWELL [1]

1889

 

George HERNE [1]

1899

Longleat sale

Sarah Ellen WEST [1]

1910

Voters’ list

Sarah Ellen WEST [1]

1923

Frome Almanack

Miss HARRIS [1]

abt 1935

Frome Almanack

Mrs W. EALES> [1]

 

13 Bath Street

“This gabled house is a fine example of a late 17th century cottage. It was originally ‘T’ shaped, the front and a rear stair projection. It contains many original features including reeded moulding on stair rises, ovulo moulded chamfers and ogee stops on the beams, and a dated fire-back... It consists of a herring-bone brick fireback with three triangles above, which contain ‘16’ on the left side, ‘83’ on the right, and ‘EJ’ in the centre. This pattern has been found in other contemporary houses, especially in the Trinity area, Sun Street and Fromefield... The initials refer to Edmond JONES, the leaseholder at the time.” [1]

1686

Longleat lease

to Edmond JONES [1]

1687

Longleat lease

to Margery JONES, widow, rent 4s p.a.; previously occupied by Moses YOUNG [1]

1737

Longleat lease

New lease to William HODDER, tailor [1]

1757

Longleat lease

Lease renewed by William HODDER for the lives of himself (he died in 1785), his wife Sarah (who died in 1766), and their son William. Following Sarah’s death their daughter Betty’s life was added. [1]

1816

Longleat lease

to William HODDER III (38) on the lives of his nephew John HODDER (10), son of John HODDER, hairdresser, and Charles Willoughby (9), son of Charles WILLOUGHBY, grocer. £60 fine for adding these two lives. [1]

1824

Parish rates

Richard HODDER was ‘owner’ and occupier, paying 5¾d rates [1]

1841

Census

Richard HODDER, tin plate worker, with Elizabeth DYER, independent and her daughter Elizabeth DYER, straw bonnet maker [1]

1851

Census

Richard had retired and was a proprietor of houses [1]

1861

Census

James BROWN (carpenter journeyman, 43), with his wife Matilda and their children Joseph (chemist and druggist apprentice, 18), Mary (12) and Arthur (5) [1]

1871

Census

James HODDINOTT (30, master saddler and harness maker, employing one man and an apprentice), with wife Matilda (35) and step-children Annie and Frederick PITMAN [1]

1881

Census

Unoccupied [1]

1889

 

Dennis HAYCROFT [1]

1899

Longleat sale

Occupier Tom GALLON [1]

1910

Voters’ list

Frederick WINSOR [1]

1923

Frome Almanack

Herbert A. ROGERS [1]

 

14 Bath Street

“Another late 17th century cottage with three small gables of different sizes.” [1]

1827

Parish rates

Leaseholder James WATTS, tailor; occupier Charles JUKES; rate 5¾d [1]

1831

Parish rates

Property held by James WATTS’s executors [1]

1841

Census

Elizabeth DYER (60, Independent means), with her daughter Elizabeth, straw bonnet maker [1]

1846

Parish rates

Occupier: William FELTHAM [1]

1851

Census

Ann BUTLER (61, widow and annuitant), with her pauper sister-in-law (70) and niece Ann COX, dressmaker [1]

1861

Census

Henry VEALE (46, journeyman painter and carpenter), with his wife Maria and their son William. Possibly they had a lodger, Martha HOOPER, and a housekeeper, Sarah THORN, widow. [1]

1871

Census

Henry VEALE (widower, printer and compositor), with visitor Edward COLLINS (19) and boarder Sophia GILES (55) unmarried [1]

1881

Census

William HISCOCKS (iron moulder) with his wife Ellen and their children William (20, iron moulder), Alfred (18, printer compositor), Carrie (13), Edward (11, baker), Florence, (7), Louisa (5), Amelia (3) and Harry (2) [1]

1899

Longleat sale

Occupier: John Cobbett WEST [1]

1910

Voters’ list

Sidney WATTS [1]

1923

Frome Almanack

Sidney WATTS; he died on 15 May 1924, aged 61 [1]

1925

Frome Almanack

Sidney’s widow Ellen WATTS [1]

1932

Frome Almanack

F. SAMSON [1]

 

15 Bath Street

“There is a marked building line between number 14 and this property, the last of the terrace...” It was leased over a long period to the COCKEY family, “renowned in Frome for their bell foundry… established by Lewis COCKEY, who came from Warminster about 1680 and built 45 Milk Street… The gap at the side of this house lead to COCKEY’s foundry behind.” [1]

1654

Longleat lease

for 99 years to Thomas TUDGAY, baker, on the lives of his wife Margaret and their children Constance and Thomas. Rent 4s p.a. [1]

1680

Longleat lease

to Timothy CHAPMAN, clothworker, for the lives of himself, Constance his wife (perhaps the daughter of Thomas TUDGAY) and their son Thomas [1]

1733

Longleat lease

to John CARPENTER, cardmaker, for the lives of William, son of William CARPENTER, shearman, John CARPENTER and William his son [1]

1773

Longleat lease

to another Lewis COCKEY, brazier, for 99 years and the lives of his children Christopher (23), Mary (21) and Ann (17) [1]

1781

Longleat lease

to Betty, widow of the later Lewis, the life of her son Lewis (40) replacing that of her husband [1]

1785

Battle & Cruse Survey

Occupier: John Parsons HORSLER [1]

1789

Longleat lease

to Christopher COCKEY [1]

1792

Longleat lease

to Christopher’s widow, Mary COCKEY [1]

1809

Longleat lease

to Edward their son, also a brazier, for the lives of Mary and Edward COCKEY (still surviving) and his brother-in-law Edward HAGLEY (23), son of Dr. William HAGLEY, surgeon. The lease expired when William died in 1859. [1]

1827

Parish rates

R. WHITEHOUSE, as sub-tenant of Edward COCKEY [1]

1841

Census

John BRAYLEY, journeyman ironmonger, with his wife Hester and children Ellen, Emma, Julia and William [1]

1851

Census

John BRAYLEY, b. Batcombe, with wife Esther, b. Tintinhull, daughter Ellen BRAYLEY (35, bonnet maker, b. Bristol) and granddaughters Elizabeth and Ellen LAPHAM [1]

1861

Census

James WATTS (28, sergeant of police), Mercy his wife and William their son [1]

1871

Census

William NOBLE (boot and shoe maker, 24) and his wife Mary, born in Wales [1]

1881

Census

William HISCOCKS, iron moulder, with wife Ellen and children William (20, iron moulder), Alfred (18, printer compositor), Carrie (13), Edward (11, baker), Florence (7), Louisa (5), Amelia (3) and Harry (2) [1]

1910

Voters’ list

Theodore BISHOP [1]

1931

Frome Almanack

Theodore BISHOP. He was followed by E.J.W. BUTLER and M. CARROLL during the 1930s. [1]

 

16-17 Bath Street

 

“All the land from Rook Lane to Palmer St. belonged to the Longleat estate.” [1]

1713

Longleat lease

Site of 16-17 Bath Street leased to George LOCK for 99 years on the lives of himself, Edward HALLIDAY, clothier, and Ann, wife of Joseph BAILY of Frome, butcher. It had previously been held by Richard HAREBOTTLE. George LOCK died 3 Nov 1735, aged 71[7]

1749

 

Lease renewed by George LOCK’s widow Susanna, adding the life of Joseph BAILY's son Zachariah [1]

1756

 

Lease renewed with the added lives of Zachariah's sister Betty and Richard BAILY, son of John BAILY tanner. [1] Susanna LOCK died 18 Feb 1751, aged 90 [7].

1774

 

Zachariah was granted the lease with the addition of the life of Elizabeth HAGLEY [1]

1802

 

William HAGLEY was granted the lease [1]

1815

 

Lease for 'tenement in Stony St., being the corner house on the south side of the street leading into the new street called Bath St., with the shops adjoining, fronting Bath Street' renewed by William HAGLEY, surgeon, on the lives of Elizabeth HAGLEY 54, Mary HAGLEY 28 and Edward HAGLEY 29, son of Elizabeth. The lease included the adjoining Weymouth Arms in Palmer St, now the Old Bath Arms. [1]

1824

 

The range of buildings in Bath Street, adjoining the corner house, which were workshops, were occupied by George MEES and rated at 6¾d., whilst the house below was occupied by James KENWOOD, cabinet maker, and rated at 8¼d. [1]

1827

 

William CRUMBLEHOLME occupied both properties [1]

1831

 

Edward COCKEY occupied the workshops and John GUYE the house [1]

1837

 

William HAGLEY let both the old workshops and corner house to the Board of Guardians of the Frome Union at £35 yearly rent. The Board of Guardians was established in 1836 to administer the Poor Law, and its first task was to build the Union Workhouse, until recently known as Selwood Hospital.

William HAGLEY's son Laurence was appointed first clerk to the Board in 1836 at an annual salary of £100. In 1837 he was also appointed first supt registrar of the Frome area, with his brother John, an accountant, as his deputy, and the former held both posts until his death at the end of 1858.

On taking over the premises as their offices, the Guardians first employed a local builder, William BROWN, to repair and adapt them, as a bill in Frome Museum shows. [1]

1837

Will of William HAGLEY

Signed by William HAGLEY, Surgeon of Frome Swd, 4 Nov. Household furniture etc., paintings, prints and books to wife Elizabeth and after her death to son Edward HAGLEY, Apothecary of the City of Oxford and daughter Mary HAGLEY, Spinster of Frome… to dau Mary leasehold messuage and bdgs in Bath St and Palmer St now occupied by the Board of Guardians of the Poor of Frome Union as a Board Room and as a clerks office and also as a Registry Office, part of which premises were recently occupied by son in law Edward COCKEY as a warehouse and the remainder as a dwelling house by the Misses GUYER, and also the leasehold messuage or dwelling house and yard adjoining the last mentioned in Bath St occupied by Joseph PAPPS, Carpenter, for the remainder of the lease granted by the late Marquess of Bath… to son Edward and his heirs a farm and lands near Feltham by the power reserved to Testor in his marriage settlement dated 14 May 1784; also the lands in Frome psh devised to Testor in the will of Mrs Anne POBJOY deceased; lands in Frome psh purchased by Testor from the trustees of the late James AYRES… subject to the following legacies: £200 to dau Elizabeth w/o Edward COCKEY; £200 to dau Sarah w/o Laurence HAGLEY; £200 to dau Frances widow of Samuel Fitzherbert BOWDEN. Sole Exor: son Edward HAGLEY. Witnesses: Alfd WHITAKER, Solr, Frome; George FLINDER (?), Fredk WOOLBERT, clerks to Mr WHITAKER. Proved with two codicils at the Peculiar Court of Canterbury, London, by Edward HAGLEY, 1840

1846

 

John HAGLEY living at 10 Bath St. He inherited the Union Office. [1]

1858

 

John HAGLEY succeeded his brother Laurence as registrar. Following Laurence’s death in 1858, George Walter BRADBURY was appointed clerk to the Union. When the Frome Local Board, predecessor of Frome Urban District Council, was established in 1865, he became its first and only clerk, adding the clerkship of the Local Board of Health when that was also established a year later. [1]

1870

Longleat lease

Premises leased direct to the Guardians of the Poor for 21 years at £35 annual rent (original lease now in Frome Museum). They continued to be the Board’s offices until 29 Oct 1891, just before the lease expired, when it and the Local Board moved into the newly built Public Offices in Christchurch St. West. [1]

1871

Census

17 Bath St: John HAGLEY (71, widower), with his unmarried niece Frances BOWDEN, (46) and a domestic servant aged 16 [1]

1875

Frome Almanac

John HAGLEY is still the registrar of births and deaths [1]

12 Apr 1899

Longleat sale

‘Double fronted residence, High School for Girls, let to Miss BROCK at £20 a year,’ included as Lot 8. It was bought by the Frome United Breweries for £555, the brewery also buying the adjoining Palmer St. premises then known as the Bath Arms Inn. [1]

1907

 

Miss BROCK moved to 25 Christchurch St. West and the premises were taken over by Percival WHEELER for his Central mart, transferring his auctions and offices from 6 King St. where he had succeeded Walter HARROLD. [1]

1909

Photograph

Shows posters on the railings advertising various forthcoming sales. [1]

abt 1930

 

Percival WHEELER moved to Fairlawn House in Christchurch St. East. The building next became the Tax, Customs and Excise offices and it was probably at this time that a considerable restructuring of the buildings was undertaken. An extra floor was added to the corner house, its windows and the doorway facing Palmer St. blocked, and the latter's pediment removed. These blocked windows can still be seen and a balanced, graceful elevation is now completely spoilt.

The roof line of the adjoining property was raised to join the whole block together facing Bath Street. The small central building was gutted and two small windows inserted in place of the doorway which was re-inserted in the original corner buildings. Its height was raised to the level of the adjoining properties, thus converting the whole into one large rectangular building. The before and after illustrations better explain these alterations more effectively. It is also interesting to realise that the height of the doorways indicates the original level of Rook Lane before the construction of Bath Street. The gutted remains of the adjoining building on the uphill side also survives. [1]

 



[1]     Derek Gill, Bath Street, Frome (1992)

[2]     Extracted from Bath & Wells MLBs by Hilda Massey

[3]     Bob Hatcher, www.bruton-town.org.uk

[4]     Cruse Map square Fh, ref. 841; 1799 Richardson Map, ref. 1105

[5]     Westwoodlands folio 232

[6]     Westwoodlands folio 278

[7]     Memorial Tablet, Nave of St John the Baptist, Frome